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Educators' Checklist

A Guide for Detecting Vision Problems in the Classroom

Adopted from a pamphlet created by the Optometric Extension Program Foundation, Inc.

APPEARANCE OF EYES
  One eye turns in or out at any time
  Reddened eyes or lids
  Eyes tear excessively
  Encrusted eyelids
  Frequent styes on lids
COMPLAINTS WHEN USING EYES AT DESK
  Headaches in forehead or temples
  Burning or itching after reading or desk work
  Nausea or dizziness
  Print blurs after reading a short time
BEHAVIORAL SIGNS OF VISUAL PROBLEMS
Eye Movement Abilities (Ocular Motility)
Head turns as reads across page
  Loses place often during reading
  Needs finger or marker to keep place
  Displays short attention span in reading or copying
  Too frequently omits words
  Repeatedly omits "small" words
  Writes up or down hill on paper
  Rereads or skips lines unknowingly
  Orients drawings poorly on page
Eye Teaming Abilities (Binocularity)
Complains of seeing double (diplopia)
  Repeats letters within words
  Omits letters, numbers or phrases
  Misaligns digits in number columns
  Squints, closes or covers one eye
  Tilts head extremely while working at desk
  Consistently shows gross postural deviations at all desk activities
Eye-Hand Coordination Abilities
Must feel things to assist in any interpretation required
  Eyes not used to "steer" hand movements (extreme lack of orientation, placement of words or drawings on page)
  Writes crookedly, poorly spaced: cannot stay on ruled lines
  Misaligns both horizontal and vertical series of numbers
  Uses his hand or fingers to keep his place on the page
  Uses other hand as "spacer" to control spacing and alignment on page
  Repeatedly confuses left-right directions
Visual Form Perception (Visual Comparison, Visual Imagery, Visualization)
Mistakes words with same or similar beginnings
  Fails to recognize same word in next sentence
  Reverses letters and/or words in writing and copying
  Confuses likenesses and minor differences
  Confuses same word in same sentence
  Repeatedly confuses similar beginnings and endings of words
  Fails to visualize what is read either silently or orally
  Whispers to self for reinforcement while reading silently
  Returns to "drawing with fingers" to decide likes and differences
Refractive Status (Nearsightness, Farsightedness, Focus Problems, etc.)
Comprehension reduces as reading continued; loses interest too quickly
  Mispronounces similar words as continues reading
  Blinks excessively at desk tasks and/or reading; not elsewhere
  Holds book too closely; face too close to desk surface
  Avoids all possible near-centered tasks
  Complains of discomfort in tasks that demand visual interpretation
  Closes or covers one eye when reading or doing desk work
  Makes errors in copying from chalkboard to paper on desk
  Makes errors in copying from reference book to notebook
  Squints to see chalkboard, or requests to move nearer
  Rubs eyes during or after short periods of visual activity
  Fatigues easily; blinks to make chalkboard clear up after desk task

To see more OEPF pamphlets like this one, click here.

 

   

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